Quebec City (Ville de Québec) is the capital of the (French) Canadian province Quebec and is situated on the St. Lawrence River, north of Montreal. It is one of the oldest European settlements in North America and has a fascinating history. Quebec’s Old Town (Vieux-Québec) is the only continental fortified city north of Mexico whose walls still exist.
Although French explorer Jacques Cartier built a fort at the site in 1535, this first settlement was abandoned in the summer 1542, due in large part to the hostility of the natives combined with the harsh living conditions during winter. (I can attest to that, having spent several days there on business one January!)
Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer and diplomat on July 3, 1608, at the site of a long abandoned St.Lawrence Iroquoian settlement called Stadacona. Champlain, also called “The Father of New France“, served as its administrator for the rest of his life. – Wikipedia
Many battles were fought over possession of New France. Quebec City was captured by the British in 1759 during the Seven Years War and held until the end. France ceded New France, including the city, to Britain in 1763. During the American Revolution, troops from the southern colonies attempted to “liberate” Quebec, without success.
I’ve been to Quebec City three times (twice on business, once on vacation), and just love it’s European flavour! Unfortunately, the photos I had are misplaced (again!), but this tourist video illustrates the charm very well:
Speaking of winter, if you’re into skiing or snow boarding, there are several resorts in the area, with an average natural snowfall of over 400 cm each year.
Aimez-vous Québec? (Do you like Quebec?)
Looking forward to your comments!