Today’s post is about famous volcanic landmarks.
[Cover photo: Mount Vesuvius, Naples Italy]
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth’s crust.
My first experience with volcanic landscapes was in Puerto de la Cruz, on the island of Tenerife, Canary islands. Refer to earlier article. This is a chain of seven islands, located off North Africa’s west coast, which began to emerge from the ocean depths about 23 million years ago.
Tenerife’s volcano, Mount Teide and its surroundings comprise Teide National Park, which has an area of 18,900 hectares (73 sq mi) and was named a World Heritage site in 2007. It is one of the most visited National Parks in the world, with a total of 2.8 million visitors and the most visited natural wonder of Spain. – Wikipedia
The last eruption to have occurred in Tenerife was in 1909. It started on November 18th and lasted 10 days.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius, located in the Gulf of Naples, Italy was responsible for the demise of Roman cities Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 AD. From Wikipedia:
That eruption ejected a cloud of stones, ash and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 mi), spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombings. An estimated 16,000 people died.
Hubby and I visited the ruins at Pompeii in 1990 and were in awe of how the volcanic ash had preserved everything.
Of special interest were the plaster casts of the bodies left behind:
Mount Vesuvius has erupted numerous times since Pompeii, including six times in the 18th century, eight times in the 19th century, and in 1906, 1929, and 1944. There has been no eruption since then, and none were as large or destructive as the Pompeian one.
The volcanic islands of Santorini were featured here the other day. To re-cap:
Santorini is essentially what remains after an enormous volcanic explosion that destroyed the earliest settlements on a formerly single island, and created the current geological caldera. A giant central, rectangular lagoon, which measures about 12 by 7 km (7.5 by 4.3 mi), is surrounded by 300 m (980 ft) high, steep cliffs on three sides. The main island slopes downward to the Aegean Sea. – Wikipedia
Like Pompeii, the settlement at Akrotiri was destroyed by a volcanic eruption around 1627 BC and buried in ash, which preserved the remains of fine Frescoes and many objects and artworks. Unlike Pompeii, the town’s residents had already fled, probably due to an earthquake, and there were no casualties. Akrotiri has been suggested as a possible inspiration for Plato’s story of Atlantis.
Slideshow photos ©DDB
We had a marvellous view of the volcano from our hotel, which was aptly named “Hotel Volcano View”:
Have you ever explored a volcanic landscape?
Looking forward to your comments!